Inside the world of medical training: what it takes to become a doctor

Becoming a doctor is a dream for many people across the world. However, it’s a dream that comes with a lot of hard work, sacrifice, and dedication. The process of becoming a doctor is not easy, and it takes a lot of effort and determination to succeed. In this article, we will take a look inside the world of medical training, exploring what it takes to become a doctor.

Step One: Education

The first step to becoming a doctor is obtaining a college degree. A degree in biology, chemistry, or a related field is typically recommended. However, a degree in any subject can be used as a springboard into medical school. The important thing is that the student excels academically, maintaining a high GPA and taking challenging courses.

Step Two: Medical School

Once the student has earned their undergraduate degree, the next step is medical school. Medical school typically lasts four years, during which time students learn the basics of medical science and patient care. The first two years of medical school are typically spent in the classroom, where students learn the intricacies of anatomy, physiology, and pharmacology, among other things.

The final two years of medical school are spent in clinical rotations, where students work alongside experienced doctors and other medical professionals. During these rotations, students gain hands-on experience in various medical specialties such as pediatrics, obstetrics and gynecology, surgery, and internal medicine.

Step Three: Residency

After completing medical school, graduates must undergo a residency program, which can last anywhere from three to seven years depending on their chosen specialty. During residency, doctors receive specialized training in their chosen field, gaining practical experience in a hospital or clinic setting.

Residency is where many medical students are first exposed to the long hours and grueling demands of their career. Residents often work 80 hours or more a week, with little time for anything else. They are responsible for managing patients’ care, interpreting test results, performing procedures, and communicating with other medical professionals.

Step Four: Fellowship

After completing their residency program, some doctors choose to enter a fellowship program, which provides further specialized training in a particular area of medicine. For example, a doctor might choose to do a fellowship in oncology, cardiology, or gastroenterology.

Fellowships can last anywhere from one to three years and give doctors the opportunity to become experts in their chosen field. This level of expertise is invaluable, as it enables them to provide the highest level of care to their patients.

Step Five: Licensing and Certifications

To practice medicine in the United States, doctors must pass a medical licensing exam known as the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE). This exam is a three-part test that assesses a doctor’s knowledge of medical science and patient care practices.

In addition to obtaining a medical license, doctors may also choose to obtain board certification in their chosen specialty. Board certification requires doctors to pass a rigorous exam that tests their knowledge of a specific area of medicine. Board certification is not required to practice medicine, but it can be a valuable asset for those who wish to become experts in their field.


Becoming a doctor is not easy. It requires years of hard work, sacrifice, and dedication. The process begins with obtaining an undergraduate degree and then attending medical school. After completing medical school, doctors must undergo a residency program, followed by a fellowship program if they so choose. Finally, doctors must pass a licensing exam and obtain board certification in their chosen specialty.

While the path to becoming a doctor is long and difficult, it is also highly rewarding. As doctors, individuals have the opportunity to make a real difference in the lives of others, providing life-saving care and treatment to those who need it most. So, if you are considering a career in medicine, be prepared to work hard and make sacrifices, but know that the journey will be well worth it.

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